doc martens red Architect from Brigus makes her mark in America

BUFFALO, NY Kelly Hayes McAlonie was always aware of the opportunities and challenges inherent in the world of architecture.

But the Brigus born architect couldn have imagined it would lead to collaboration with the makers of Barbie and the chance to lead the way on a $375 million medical school at an American college.

The inspiration for her eventual career was close at hand early on. Jerrett Associates in Bay Roberts and was involved in the rebuilding of Ascension Collegiate in the 1970s.

“I always wanted to be an architect that the only career I ever wanted. And I sure a lot of that had to do with the fact that my dad was in the business.”

She was always interested in educational architecture as a means to inform and promote learning.

“At its very fundamental level, it architects who specialize in K 12 and higher educational architecture.”

After completing her education at the Technical University of Nova Scotia (now part of Dalhousie University) in 1994, she decided to travel to Ithaca, New York for an interview with Bob Leathers, an architect internationally renowned for his work on playgrounds. That resulted in a job offer.

“I did that for five years,” Hayes McAlonie said. “Got to travel all over. Hayes McAlonie worked with the design team for Mattel that created the doll.

Looking for a change, she decided to move to Buffalo, where her focus switched to the K 12 and post secondary school systems. It was there that her career gained steady traction.

Hayes McAlonie was an associate vice president with Canon Design and got more involved with the American Institute of Architects (AIA). She has served as president of both AIA Buffalo and AIA New York State. Through the Buffalo Architecture Foundation, Hayes McAlonie created a program called Arch + Ed that brings architects into grade schools to cover curriculum material through design related activities.

The job with Canon Design kept her in touch with University at Buffalo (UB), a part of the State University of New York system. In 2010, she accepted a position with the capital planning office at UB and immediately found herself tasked with building a master plan to identify a new home for the university medical school.

“It was just crazy,” she said, noting a comprehensive master plan for the school as a whole had just been published when she joined UB. “At the time, the idea of a new school of medicine, it was a lot of money $400 million. It was on paper,
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but there was really no commitment from the state (or) the legislature We just didn know how feasible it was.”

With help from a newly elected state governor keen on utilizing education as a tool for economic growth, Hayes McAlonie and the rest of her team saw the new medical school through to completion. Students started taking classes there earlier this month.

“It been a long process,” said Hayes McAlonie, now director of the college campus planning office. “It a $375 million project and it was very complicated, just because of all the agencies that needed to be involved. But to see students walk in and take photos of their building and former med students who are now physicians just walk through and be so excited about the building, it makes it all worthwhile.”

Kelly Hayes McAlonie, fifth from the left, at a ribbon cutting ceremony in December of 2017 for the new University at Buffalo medical school, a $375 million project she helped guide to its completion.

Early on in her career at UB, she also found herself working with the design team for Architect Barbie part of Mattel “I Can Be” series devoted to different professions. The opportunity to be a part of the project came about through an architecture professor at UB, Despina Stratigakos, who was already heavily involved in it. Falling in line with past work on the Arch + Ed program, Hayes McAlonie saw Architect Barbie as an opportunity to promote active learning.

“To me, it was personal, because of the fact I could have been that little girl who would have wanted that doll and would have cherished that doll had it been given to me,” she said. “But I saw it at the time less as a feminist vehicle,
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but more as an opportunity to teach little girls and little boys about what architects do.”

Within the profession, there were mixed opinions about the merits of making a doll for children to represent female architects. Some, Hayes McAlonie said, felt the doll reinforced stereotypes they fought against for decades, and she heard from both men and women in the profession with aesthetic concerns.

“Architects are very concerned about aesthetics for obvious reasons, and their identity, so they felt that this doll didn represent them,” she said. “And fair enough. But of course, our audience wasn the architectural community, our audience was little girls.”

In collaboration with AIA, the doll was launched at the organization national convention in New Orleans. For the event, 400 young girls from local schools took part in workshops with volunteer architects, including Hayes McAlonie, who developed the workshop material.

“They got to learn about what architects do, they got to design their own Barbie dream house, and they got a free gift they got a doll to take home with them,
green dr martens Architect from Brigus makes her mark in America
” she said.

“I still get the occasional email with photos of the doll with a little girl when she just out at a baseball game or whatever,” said Hayes McAlonie. “That just makes it all worthwhile. I looking forward to the day when a young woman comes up to me and says that she became an architect because of the doll.”

Kelly Hayes McAlonie, originally from Brigus, has taken on some noteworthy projects in her career as an architect in New York State.

Professional success hasn come without its challenges. On. Dec. 30, 2011, Hayes McAlonie woke up in the morning and for whatever reason could not stand up. She was subsequently diagnosed with Guillain Barre Syndrome, a neurological autoimmune syndrome that disconnects the brain, spine and muscles from one another. She spent almost three months in hospital and remained on the road to recovery for years.

“It brought a lot of perspective just to life in general,” Hayes McAlonie said. “It took years to recover. Now I fully recovered, and I actually ran a half marathon in October, so that was a real feat for me I just feel very strongly that you should love what you do, and every moment counts.”

Looking ahead, there remains plenty of work on the horizon in her day job. Outside of that, Hayes McAlonie is working on a book about Louise Behtune, a Buffalo native who was the first professional female architect in America. She previously co curated an exhibit on Bethune at the Buffalo History Museum.

As far from home as she been for so long, Hayes McAlonie remains thankful for her rural Newfoundland roots.

“I think the person who I am now,
green dr martens Architect from Brigus makes her mark in America
I think a lot of those traits were founded from my years at Bishop O she said, referring to the former high school in Brigus. “It was a very small and close knit community where academic excellence and service was really valued.”

dr martens navy Articles about Hooch

Etas Hooch Intense To A Fault

By Richard Christiansen, Entertainment editor April 3, 1986

Charles Michael Moore has directed his Vietnam drama “The Hooch” with such burning intensity that it’s a pity his ambitious script doesnt have much spark. Himself a veteran of the Vietnam conflict, Moore has set his soldiers story in a “hooch,” or barracks hut, which serves as a crucible of prejudice and fear for the six black and two white soldiers housed there in 1968. On stage at the ETA Creative Arts Foundation, the soldiers dash in and out and up and down the aisles on.

Entrepreneur hopes we take a shine

By Jenny Jarvie, Tribune Newspapers: Los Angeles Times March 26, 2007

Joseph Michalek makes liquor the old fashioned way, slowly heating corn mash in a large copper still. As for the rest of his moonshine operation, he steers clear of Southern mountain traditions. A relative newcomer to the Appalachian foothills, Michalek, 38, does not haul sacks of grain or sugar to a creek or cast a wary eye about for federal tax agents. Instead, the Northern entrepreneur with gelled hair, crisp bluejeans and polished Dr. Martens stands in front of a retro gray Anton.

Despite Flaws, Vietnam Drama Still Worthy

By Chris Jones. Special to the Tribune March 7, 1998

One of the great joys of ETA Creative Arts Foundation is that most of its plays are warm, humanistic and uplifting. Given that the subject of Charles Michael Moore’s “The Hooch” is the experiences of a group of soldiers in Vietnam (a war that’s generally a symbol of the cold, the inhumane and the depressing), the striking spirit and good humor behind Moore’s writing is strong enough to overshadow most of the play’s contrivances and awkward patches. MARK SINCLAIR IS A REDEYE SPECIAL CONTRIBUTOR November 18, 2004

While great company and festive decorations are always important, everyone knows the true secret to a fabulous winter fete is holiday spirit or better yet, spirits. We asked some of Chicago’s merriest mixologists to share their favorite holiday concoctions, in hopes of banishing the usual tired nogs and toddies to Christmases past. Candy Cane Martini Paul Phillips, general manager of Bucktown’s Club Lucky (1824 W. Wabansia Ave. 773 227 2300), was inspired by all of the candy canes in the movie version.

Speck’s High Life Shouldn’t Have Been A Shock

By Bob Greene May 19, 1996

Legislators and corrections officials are expressing shock and surprise at the free rein that Richard Speck and his friends apparently enjoyed during the years that Speck was an inmate at Stateville Prison. They shouldn’t be so startled. Speck talked very freely about it,
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and his comments were available to them. In March of 1978, during an interview I had with him inside the walls of Stateville, Speck confessed for the first time to murdering the eight young women in 1966. He was.

Highway to hooch

By Amina Akhtar. Matt McGuire, Jen Robbins and Jessica Volpe also contributed to this story October 6, 2004

The best part of staying in motels (other than pocketing the ashtrays) is sipping cocktails in their uber kitschy bars. Talk about primo people watching! And with red hot Motel, the new highway pit stop themed spot from Mas’ Hubie Greenwald, still not open yet (try late November), we had to get our fix elsewhere. Hidden Cove OK, so this isn’t part of a motel, but it’s near a slew of Lincoln Avenue inns such as Apache, Diplomat and Summit. We were hoping to find a tiki fest with Hawaiian decor, but ended.

Q I’ve been fighting a battle with my cholesterol levels.

By Dr. Sometimes my cholesterol is up and then back down again, changing like the seasons. Is that a possibility? Do cholesterol levels change with the weather? A It’s debatable. Some experts say yes, while others insist it just doesn’t happen. I used to worry about which cafe was the coolest place to lunch, which shade of raspberry lipstick to wear with which shoes, and whether I was drinking the right brand of vodka. My thoughts still turn to the temperature, fruit and alcohol, but right now I’m watching tiny baby fruits appear on our trees and wondering how.

Turner Hooch, Without The Dog, Is A Bad Movie

By Gene Siskel July 28, 1989

Our Flick of the Week is the oddball detective comedy “Turner Hooch,” starring Tom Hanks and a mangy dog named Hooch. For what it’s worth, this dog a De Bordeaux, sort of an oversized bulldog is a lot more appealing than the hound in the similarly themed “K 9.” He drools, his jowls flap, and he’s nothing if not photogenic. The dog is easily the most appealing element of the film, which otherwise is a routine caper picture with Hanks and Hooch trying to solve the murder of.
dr martens mary jane Articles about Hooch

dr martens satchel Arizona dominate WSU

PULLMAN, Wash. (AP) Deandre Ayton scored 25 points and grabbed 11 rebounds, and Allonzo Trier added 24 points as No. 9 Arizona beat cold shooting Washington State 100 72 on Wednesday night to remain in first place in the Pac 12.

Rawle Alkins scored 16 points for Arizona (19 4,
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9 1 Pac 12), which has won seven games in a row. The Wildcats have lost just one time since Nov. 24.

Robert Franks scored 25 points for Washington State (9 12, 1 8),
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which has dropped 13 in a row to Arizona. It was the Cougars’ first home game since Jan. 13.

Arizona shot 61 percent in the game, while Washington State managed just 41 percent, and was only up that high because of a late spurt.

With the score tied at 20,
dr martens mens brogues Arizona dominate WSU
Arizona went on a 25 5 run over the next seven minutes to build a 45 25 lead. Alkins hit three consecutive 3 pointers during that run, while the Cougars made just 2 of 14 field goals during one stretch.

Arizona led 53 34 at halftime after holding the Cougars to three field goals in the final 12 minutes of the half. The Wildcats outshot the Cougars 67 percent to 33 percent in the first.

Ayton scored the first seven points of the second half for Arizona, and the Wildcats used a 20 2 run to push their lead to 75 40.

Washington State’s shooting woes continued in the second as they went long stretches without a field goal.

Arizona: The Wildcats have won 16 of their past 17 games,
dr martens mens brogues Arizona dominate WSU
losing only at Colorado on Jan. 6. Trier and Ayton both came in averaging better than 19 points per game. Ayton also averages 10.7 rebounds.

Washington State: The Cougars are shooting .386 from 3 point range and are third in the nation with 11.6 made 3 pointers per game. The Cougars came in with an all time record of 7 129 against teams ranked in the Top 10. They have slumped since winning the Wooden Legacy early in the season, dropping seven of their previous eight games.

discount dr martens uk Anxiety in Sport

Is there an optimal level of anxiety for competing in sport?

We would like to thank you for choosing our group to conduct the preliminary research for your article on anxiety in sport.

We have compiled extensive research on historical theories, standardized tests, treatments and prior experiments to provide you with a comprehensive outlook on the topic. The annotated bibliography below contains videos, books, websites and primary journal articles for your reference as you take the next steps in the writing process.

Chirag, Lisa, Francesca,
dr marten knee high boots Anxiety in Sport
Leo KellyWhat is anxiety?

Anxiety is a mild fear reaction toward some stimulus. Anxiety is prevalent in even the best of athletes due to the immense pressures associated with professional sports.

Zvolensky, M. J., Lejuez, C. W., Eifert, G. H. (2000). Prediction and control: operational definitions for the experimental analysis of anxiety. This is particularly important for studying anxiety because the stimulus is predictable and controlled in contrast to unpredictable and uncontrolled. These operational definitions are important to note when reading studies that have been conducted (as you will see below) and when conducting your own studies. You should use these terms when writing about the studies you read about.

Onset Prediction when a stimulus precedes the event which causes anxiety. As a result, in the future onset of the stimulus results allows the subject to predict the event that will cause anxiety.

Onset Control when the subject completely avoids or delays the onset of an anxiety causing event with a known stimulus by prevention.

Offset Prediction when a stimulus precedes the end of an event. Future signaling through this stimulus allows the subject to predict the end of the anxiety causing event.

Offset Control when the subject completely ends/rejects the stimulus that causes the reaction to the anxiety causing event.

According to statistics Canada,
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Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is the main anxiety disorder. Statistics Canada defines disorder as the experience of excessive worry and anxiety. Individuals who have this disorder are characterized as those who commonly fear the worst. GAD impacts approximately 3% of the population. Women are slightly more likely to have it. It is more likely to be seen at the adolescent age; however, there is no group that gets impacted significantly more than the others. Some of the symptoms of GAD are: restlessness, fatigue, loss of focus, irritability, loss of sleep etc. Overall,
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anxiety affects the general public as it affects athletes just to different extents.

Why do we get anxious/nervous?

Science, ASAP. (2014, Feb 9). Essentially, when faced with this certain stimulus, the pituitary gland sends a signal to the adrenal gland on the kidney. Here, adrenaline is released. Primarily, adrenaline will activate your fight or flight response increasing your heart rate,
dr marten knee high boots Anxiety in Sport
dilating your pupils, directing of blood and energy to the important organs of the body. There are degrees to which this response is activated. You can have minor fight or flight response (perhaps on a first date) or a more major one (from a shark attack). This is the nervous feeling that we get. The video below explains the biological process behind anxiety/nervousness in laymen’s terms.

Brian Mac, an experienced, nationally ranked track and field coach in the United Kingdom, created a website that provides an excellent overview of the relationship between anxiety and performance. The website outlines the major historical theories relating anxiety to performance and serves excellent starting place for getting a basic understanding of the topic. The reference list is comprised of primary literature and is an excellent compilation of research.

Inverted U Hypothesis Describes the relationship between anxiety and performance as an inverted U where increasing anxiety improves performance only up to a point after which additional anxiety is detrimental.

Zone of Optimal Function (ZOF) Theory States each individual has an unique optimal level of anxiety. The coach needs to determine a method that places the athlete within their optimal zone to enable an optimal level of performance.

Drive Theory Links Clark Hull’s Drive Theory to the Inverted U Hypothesis. Athletes need to be “hyped up” to perform their best. An athlete’s “best” is determined by their skill level.

Multidimensional Theory of Anxiety Distinguishes between somatic and cognitive anxiety. There is a negative linear relationship between cognitive anxiety and performance (high anxiety = poor performance), and an inverted U relationship between somatic anxiety and performance. Somatic anxiety should decrease after performance starts; however,
dr marten knee high boots Anxiety in Sport
low confidence will cause cognitive anxiety levels to remain high.

The Catastrophe Model Suggests that stress and anxiety have a unique effect on performance depending on the athlete.

The Processing Efficacy Theory Anxiety causes an increase in the amount you worry. This “worry” leads to inefficient performance; however, you are still able to perform with the same effectiveness.

dr martens sandal arrested for murder of Paige Birgfeld

The Sheriff’s Office has always classified the investigation as ‘active and ongoing’ despite criticism from Paige’s father that the agency wasn’t doing everything they could to make an arrest in the case.

Now, the Mesa County Detention Center is where Lester Ralph Jones will be calling home, at least until his bond is set. Newly elected Sheriff Matt Lewis says while the investigation,
dr martens dress arrested for murder of Paige Birgfeld
forensic testing and interview process to rule out other suspects was time consuming this arrest is an important step in the process to bring justice to Paige Birgfeld and her family. While the question of who is being charged with Paige Birgfeld’s murder has been answered, how she died is still unknown to everyone except Paige’s killer, “The person who killed Paige Birgfeld does know how she died we know that she was injured we know that there were injuries present but we may never know that,
dr martens dress arrested for murder of Paige Birgfeld
” Lewis said during a media conference announcing the arrest.

Someone else who had a reaction to the arrest is Executive Director of Colorado Department of Public Safety and former Mesa County Sheriff Stan Hilkey who has been on the case since day one. While he knows the District Attorney’s office has a lot of work ahead of them, he says he’s happy about this step in the right direction, he told us in a phone interview,
dr martens dress arrested for murder of Paige Birgfeld
“I’m going to be cautious there’s a lot of hard work left to do to get to trial and get a conviction but I’ve always been optimistic that the day would come I’m glad to see it.”

Jones’s former attorney Colleen Scissors represented him when he was named as a person of interest in the murder. She says the suspect’s family reached out to her Friday morning to touch base but she won’t be representing him moving forward. Scissors says there was a lack of evidence against Jones years ago and doesn’t believe anything has changed.

Matt Lewis says there are many reasons why the finger is being pointed at Jones. He was a client at the escort service Birgfeld worked for and was familiar with her.

Lester Ralph Jones, 63, of Grand Junction,
dr martens dress arrested for murder of Paige Birgfeld
was arrested by deputies and investigators with the Mesa County Sheriff’s Office Friday morning, after a warrant was signed for his arrest.

Lester R. Jones is being charged with:

Murder in the 1st degree, a class 1 felonyMurder in the 2nd degree,
dr martens dress arrested for murder of Paige Birgfeld
a class 2 felony2nd degree kidnapping, a class 4 felony2nd degree arson, a class 4 felony

dr martens suede Are magnets bad for PC’s

>> Re: Are magnets bad for PC’s?

The hard drive for sure, it’s a magnetic medium, so there’s a strong chance you could corrupt lots of data.

But as Plug said, stick a fridge magnet on the outside no problem. Stick a powerful speaker magnet, or electro magnet near PC components, and you’ll be ordering new parts before you can say magnetic field. Peaceful

Mar 26, 2009,
white patent dr martens Are magnets bad for PC's
11:59am EDT

>> Re: Are magnets bad for PC’s?

Well you never say. Just the other day I was swapping out a 2.5″ hdd from my laptop, a screw accidentally felt off from my hand and landed on the the hdd. Guess what, the screw got “suck” onto a spot near a corner of the hdd. I totally freaked out, I was like WTF, the hdd is magnetized?! Is my data ok? LOL

I search around and found the articles below. Guess what hdds are magnetized, the magnets are used for the read head and motor assembly. A small hdd like one I have is already have magnets strong enough to pull objects from an inch way,
white patent dr martens Are magnets bad for PC's
outside the hdd case! Not to mention some of the older hdds. The whole “don’t put magnet near your hard drive” is a myth, only very strong magnet will do harm to it, ’cause there is already one sitting right there next to the platters!!

Want free rare earth magnets? Got a dead hard drive? You’re in business.

What, you might be wondering,
white patent dr martens Are magnets bad for PC's
are super strong magnets doing inside a magnetic storage device? You’re meant to keep magnets away from your drives, aren’t you?

doc martens style shoes Articles about Hush Puppies

Want Hush Puppies’ History? Just Choose A Version You Like

By ART CHAPMAN Fort Worth Star Telegram, April 9, 1998

Reading a newspaper article about hush puppies not long ago, I realized something very important. I don’t like hush puppies. I’m not sure just why I don’t like them. I enjoy cornbread of almost every style. Heaven knows I love catfish, and the rule is you must have hush puppies when you have catfish. By the way, you might also like to know you’re supposed to have ketchup with your catfish, too. They?re calling in a friend from Texas Hold ’em BBQ to man the barbecue pit. If you?re looking for New Orleans Saints headquarters in South Florida,
dr martens vonda Articles about Hush Puppies
look no further than Shuck ‘N Dive Cajun Cafe on Federal Highway in Fort Lauderdale. It?s where alumni from Louisiana State University meet to watch football. It’s where etouffe and oysters are always on the menu.

STORY AND PHOTOS BY THOMAS SWICK, Travel Editor, May 10, 1992

Drive! Put your foot to the gas and go! Leave the urban sprawl behind and head out into the strange northwest of Florida, that is,
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where shucked oyster shells litter the ground instead of empty crack vials. That little known land that seems too drawly to be the Sunshine State and yet too watery to be the South. (And resembles more the barrel of a pistol than the handle of a pan.) Drive! Along the two lane roads skirting forests of pine and the infrequent house not much bigger than the motorboat parked beside it. Past the Boiled P Nut vendors and the American made pickup trucks and the signs pointing the way to “Rabbits and Cane Juice.”Doc Does Some Sole Searching

By Hank Stuever The Washington Post, July 27, 2002

Late last week, a thoroughly British icon of all that’s punk and oddly comforting sent up a flare indicating a spot of trouble. Sales are way off for Dr Martens footwear the giant soled combat boot and assorted shoes that came to mean so much to the kind of people who wished not to be entirely understood. The fashionably rebellious have, of course, moved on from the combat boot seen in the mosh pits of yore. Hard core punks,
dr martens vonda Articles about Hush Puppies
skinheads and Goth kids are still bitter about the decade long sellout of their beloved Docs, to the point where the shoe became widely seen on The Man (who bought them at Macy’s and wore them to work, in a bloody cubicle.

Where To Find Go go Boots

ROD STAFFORD HAGWOOD, January 12, 1997

Saks Fifth Avenue stocks DKNY’s zip front low boots in black or white rubber ($85). Hush Puppies has black or brown suede midcalf boots ($130). Bloomingdale’s has Stuart Weitzman’s short, black leather tipped suede boots ($205). Bally’s quilted leather ankle boots ($395) and Bottega Veneta’s shearling lace ups ($340). Cacique/Galleria Mall has black boots that come below the knee in leather or suede ($72 139). Edwards Is A Standout Investment Choice

Q. Edwards as it compares to Merrill, PaineWebber,
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Prudential, Shearson and Dean Witter. Which would you own for a three year investment? A. Edwards (AGE $27) may be the best managed wire house on the Street, even if St. Louis is its home. Because Merrill (MER) and PaineWebber (PWJ) are the only large public wire houses reporting to Standard Poors, I cant compare Edwards to the others. But lets make the best of what we know. Edwards revenues since 1982 have increased 270 percent, vs. Since 1975, Donna Psaropoulos has been collecting jerseys, helmets,
dr martens vonda Articles about Hush Puppies
photographs and portraits and whatever else is out there for dedicated Dol Fans to latch onto in an outpouring of loyalty. Psaropoulos does them one better.

grey dr martens Arizona’s Family

By Sandee LaMotte and Susan Scutti CNN

(CNN) E cigarettes are increasingly being used as a nicotine alternative as smokers seek ways to kick their habit. But their use has been surrounded by debate, focusing on the lack of evidence regarding the harms associated with their long term use, as well as their potential to act as a gateway into smoking among teens.

The latest salvo: A study of nearly 70,000 people found that daily e cigarette use can double the risk of heart attack. If the user continues to smoke regular cigarettes each day along with e cigarettes, the combined risk goes up five times.

“The new study shows that the risks compound,” added Glantz, who directs the UCSF Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education. “Someone who continues to smoke daily while using e cigarettes daily has an increased risk of a heart attack by a factor of five.”

E cigarettes work by heating a pure liquid called e juice composed of flavorings, propylene glycol, glycerin and often nicotine until it vaporizes. The resulting vapor is much less offensive to many, both smokers and non smokers.

[Related: E Cigarettes could double your risk of a heart attack]Science and public policy have bounced back and forth for over a decade, as different studies produce different and sometimes contradictory results. Let’s take a look at the debate over the years:

2003 headline: Invention of e cigarettes

Three pack a day smoker Hon Lik, a 52 year old Beijing pharmacist, created the first successful electronic cigarette after his father, another heavy smoker, died of lung cancer. By 2007, e cigarettes were marketed in Europe and the United States by manufacturer Ruyan as a way to safely stop smoking tobacco.

Hon was not the first person on record to have the idea for an electronic non tobacco option. Herbert A. Gilbert filed for a patent in 1963, in an era when tobacco smoking was widely accepted and the health risks were less apparent. e cig brands, NJOY and Smoking Everywhere, that found “very low” amounts of nicotine in cartridges labeled as nicotine free. In July,
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an FDA news release discouraged the use of e cigarettes, saying they contain carcinogens and an ingredient used in antifreeze, diethylene glycol.

Another concern of the FDA’s: E cigarettes are often marketed and sold to youngsters who, intrigued by the many flavors such as chocolate, bubble gum and mint, might easily adopt a smoking habit as a result of trying the devices.

Vape supporters counter that diethylene glycol was found at a very low, nontoxic level of 1% and that the carcinogens are at the same levels as other FDA approved nicotine cessation products, like patches and gum.

By the end of the year, Amazon and Paypal restricted the sale of e cigs on their websites.

2011 headline: Interest in vaping for smoking cessation is high

Science began to ramp up studies on the topic. Several studies found that interest in e cigarettes was high among the American public: Google searches for e cigs were higher in the US than any other nation.

A questionnaire of 3,500 e cigarette users found that most vaped because they though it less toxic and cheaper than tobacco, and would help them quit or cut down on tobacco smoking. Most ex smokers (79%) in the study were afraid they would relapse if they stopped using e cigarettes. The study didn’t examine the safety of the product.

Another, much smaller email study of 216 e cigarette users found that 31% were tobacco free at six months, and 66% were able to cut back on the number of conventional cigarettes they smoked. A still smaller study of 40 smokers also found that adding e cigarettes helped smokers reduce the number of traditional cigarettes they smoked each day.

2012 headline: E cigarette use doubles in adolescents

The US Centers for Disease Control announced that e cigarette use among middle and high school students doubled between 2011 and 2012, mirroring a similar increase in adult use. Most alarming for policy makers: CDC concerns that vaping among adolescents may serve as a gateway to tobacco use.

To measure nicotine delivery, United Kingdom researchers tested 16 e cigarettes with an automatic smoking machine and found wide variations in nicotine levels per puff, ranging from 0.5 to 15.4 milligrams. In contrast, the typical level from a tobacco puff ranges from 1.54 to 2.60. The wide variation between e cigarette brands led researchers to question how well they can function as a nicotine replacement device.

2013 headline: Do e cigs really help smokers quit?

Several 2013 publications showed minimal evidence that e cigarettes help smokers quit. A cross sectional study of 1,836 tobacco smokers found a significant association with e cig use and “unsuccessful quitter” status but none with “quitter” status.

Another study of callers to state tobacco quitlines found e cigarette users significantly less likely to be tobacco free seven months after they first tried vaping, compared with participants who never tried e cigarettes.

A New Zealand Health Research Council study of 657 smokers found e cigarettes modestly effective in helping smokers quit. Interestingly enough,
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it didn’t seem to matter whether they contained nicotine. But the results were similar to FDA approved nicotine patches.

dr martens sandals womens AP Entertainment News Video

AP Entertainment News VideoMore>>Judge: Man accused of McDormand Oscar theft will be releasedJudge: Man accused of McDormand Oscar theft will be releasedA man who is charged with stealing Frances McDormand’s best actress Oscar will be released on his own recognizanceA man who is charged with stealing Frances McDormand’s best actress Oscar will be released on his own recognizanceThe Latest: Cosby lawyers fight to block other accusersThe Latest: Cosby lawyers fight to block other accusersBill Cosby’s lawyers say prosecutors want to have as many as 19 other accusers testify at his sexual assault retrial because they’re desperate to bolster an otherwise weak caseBill Cosby’s lawyers say prosecutors want to have as many as 19 other accusers testify at his sexual assault retrial because they’re desperate to bolster an otherwise weak caseProsecutors want to paint Cosby as big Hollywood predatorProsecutors want to paint Cosby as big Hollywood predatorProsecutors are pushing to widen the scope of Bill Cosby’s April 2 retrial to spotlight allegations he’s one of Hollywood’s biggest serial predatorsProsecutors are pushing to widen the scope of Bill Cosby’s April 2 retrial to spotlight allegations he’s one of Hollywood’s biggest serial predatorsMushers, fans gather for world’s most famous sled dog raceOKMushers,
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fans gather for world’s most famous sled dog raceOKCheering fans lined the streets as mushers took their dog teams for a short sprint in Alaska’s largest city for the ceremonial start of the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog RaceCheering fans lined the streets as mushers took their dog teams for a short sprint in Alaska’s largest city for the ceremonial start of the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog RaceTrump puts GOP in the hot seat on guns _ for nowTrump puts GOP in the hot seat on guns _ for nowPresident Donald Trump says Congress should act quickly on gun laws as he meets with lawmakers at the White House.President Donald Trump says Congress should act quickly on gun laws as he meets with lawmakers at the White House.Vatican, Versace and Vogue team up for Met’s spring exhibitVatican,
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doctor martens 1461 arrested in connection with suspect package incident at Barclays Bank in Sudbury

Sudbury came to a near standstill during the incident with shops and businesses evacuated from Market Hill and many roads in the area, including Station Road,
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Friars Street and Gainsborough Street, closed to traffic.

Waldingfield Road was also closed during the afternoon to stop traffic entering the town centre.

A police officer stands outside Barclays Bank in Sudbury after a suspicious package was found. Picture: SARAH LUCY BROWN

The town’s deputy mayor,
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Sue Ayres, praised the response of the emergency services to the incident.

She said: “I think as it was unknown,
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they had to respond in the way that they did because if they hadn’t they would have been in the wrong.

“Procedures are in place for this sort of thing and they have to be followed. It was a shame that the town was gridlocked, a bit like it was when we had the fire [in 2015],
buy doc martens uk arrested in connection with suspect package incident at Barclays Bank in Sudbury
but it was necessary.

“People always say they never seem a police officer around but they are always there when you need them.

“Some businesses will be annoyed that they had to shut up shop, but in the current climate you can’t say this type of thing won’t happen in Sudbury.”

Superintendent Kerry Cutler said on Wednesday: “Steps to evacuate the area were taken in the interests of public safety and we thank everyone for their patience and understanding during the afternoon.”